Mitral Loop Cerclage Annuloplasty for Secondary Mitral Regurgitation: First Human Results
by Yong-Hyun Park et al.
This is an early feasibility clinical test of mitral loop cerclage annuloplasty to treat secondary mitral valve regurgitation.
Secondary mitral regurgitation is characterized by cardiomyopathy, mitral annular enlargement, and leaflet traction contributing to malcoaptation. Transcatheter mitral loop cerclage applies circumferential compression to the mitral annulus by creating a loop through the coronary sinus across the interventricular septum, protecting entrapped coronary arteries from compression, and interactive annular reduction under echocardiographic guidance. This is the first human test of mitral loop annuloplasty.
Five subjects with severe symptomatic secondary mitral regurgitation underwent mitral loop cerclage, with echocardiographic and computed tomography follow-up over 6 months.
Mitral loop cerclage was successful in 4 of 5 subjects and aborted in 1 of the 5 because of unsuitable septal coronary vein anatomy. Immediately and over 6 months, measures of both mitral valve regurgitation (effective orifice area and regurgitation fraction) and chamber dimensions (left atrial and left ventricular volumes) were reduced progressively and ejection fractions increased. Two with persistent and permanent atrial fibrillation spontaneously reverted to sinus rhythm during follow-up. One subject experienced a small myocardial infarction from an unrecognized small branch coronary occlusion. Another, experiencing cardiogenic shock at baseline, died of intractable heart failure after 6 weeks.
In this first human test, mitral loop cerclage annuloplasty was successful in 4 of 5 attempts, caused reverse remodeling (reduction in secondary mitral regurgitation and heart chamber volumes), and suggested electrical remodeling (reversion of atrial fibrillation). Further evaluation is warranted.
|이전글||Computational analysis of the electromechanical performance of mitral valve cerclage annuloplasty using a patient-specific ventricular model||2021-04-14|
|다음글||Mitral loop cerclage as a variant form of mitral cerclage annuloplasty that adds a device (CSTV) for preventing potential complications: a preclinical proof of concept and feasibility stud||2021-04-14|